Ethnobotanical Uses Australian native ginger (Alpinia caerulea) with bobble-like blue capsules that contain white pulp. White flowers are followed by round blue fruits to 15mm in spikes on the ends of the stems. It's the right time of the year now to be pruning it back and dividing some of the clumps of the rhizomes. caerulea: Latin for blue. [ August 27, 2020 ] Alpinia caerulea Edible Plants (Common and Australian bushtucker) [ June 27, 2020 ... Foliage: Large glossy dark green leaves with yellowish veins and midrib. 0. Fruits: The fruit are rounded and blue-colored. var. The leaves are not glossy, and the foliage has very little fragrance. I always knew this form of green leaved native ginger as Galangal though “native ginger” seems to be more commonly used by everyone else these days. In saying that it will tolerate most soils including very sandy, it will tolerate part shade to full sun (although this can lead to burnt, pale leaves) and extended dry periods. Grass. Learn how your comment data is processed. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Variegata has green leaves with yellow bands. If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/floraonline.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Ken Fern, One cataphyll produced before the first true leaf. The pulp of the blue berries has a pleasant slightly acid taste, the seed giving a ginger aftertaste. Large bright green leaves are up to 400 mm long. The leaves are large and shiny. Leaves are obovate … The fruit lasts for several months and has an extremely brittle shell containing masses of seeds surrounded by white edible pulp. These herbs lack true stems, but have pseudostems usually up to about 3 metres (9.8 ft) long which are composed of the overlapping leaf sheaths. Flowers: The inflorescence is a spike, upright and consists of many small white flowers. The leaves vary considerably in the amount of variegation, with some mostly green streaked with creamy yellow or gold, whereas others are primarily yellow with some green stripes. Zingiberaceae + Synonyms. It has broad sword shaped green leaves with attractive red leaf reverses. Description: Clumping perennial herb to 2 m growing from rhizomes. A perennial clumping herb with soft thick stems arising from an underground rhizome. This will ensure the future of the plant while giving you the tastiest fresh shoots. Bushwalking & Camping (National Parks & areas of natural beauty). Alpinia caerulea (R.Br.) If using the roots for eating, harvest them by dig up rhizomes from the edge of the plant to find the new growing tips. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by It is the Alpinia caerulea, better known as Red Backed Ginger, Native Ginger or Ginger ‘Red Back’. Native ginger (Alpinia caerulea) Grows to 3 metres outside but smaller in a pot. Benth. The pith inside the fruit has a pleasant, refreshing, lemony taste. with help from Flowers rarely but is well worth it just for the foliage. Simon Schubert is a qualified Horticulturist who enjoys gardening and bush-walking. This ginger is a clumping upright plant with striking maroon/red-backed leaves. Benth. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Alpinia is closely related to the more widely known genera Hedychium and Canna. Alpinia caerulea red is a beautiful ginger native to Australia from the rainforest understories of Northern NSW and Southern QLD. At the tenth leaf stage: leaves 2- ranked, leaf blade linear-lanceolate, about 15-16 x 3.5-4 cm, petiolate, apex acuminate, base obtuse, glabrous.Lateral … An evergreen perennial, clumping plant growing to a height of 2 metres with a spread of 1 metre. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Berries can also be picked straight from the plant and leaves can be used for wrapping food for cooking and steaming which will give food a slight gingery taste. Common Name:  Native Gardinia, Yellow Mangosteen, Brown gardenia and Orange Randia. Flowers and leaves Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status; May 1, 2015: Edwards, P.J. Native Ginger Alpinia Caerulea Galangal Seeds Packet of 40+ super fresh home grown seeds! APNI* Description: Perennial herb to 3 m high. The fragrant white flowers are followed by blue berries. A few species have been known to reach 8 metres (26 ft). Introduction: Alpinia caerulea is a perennial herb which grows in coastal regions of Australia. Alpinia caerulea (R.Br.) This is an evergreen variety, retaining leaves through winter and still looking fairly neat. Richard Morris. White flowers to 10 mm caerulea, Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 11: 18(1895). Ajna Fern caerulea: Latin for blue. This is why I call this plant false cardamom. Alpinia Caerulea Red Back Ginger Often known as the red back ginger, grows to a height of 1.5-2 meters tall, has green leaves with a striking red to maroon colour on the underside of each leaf, it also has fragrant white flowers, which appear out of the tip of the plant during late summer to autumn. Common Name: Native Ginger. Photography by Simon Schubert and Minako Howarth. The amount of variegation on the leaves varies a lot. Gardens (Botanic, Botanical and other places of interest). Hellenia caerulea R.Br. The rhizome (underground stem) is creeping; the stems are upright and straight; the leaves are bright green, narrow, lanceolate and opposite, the flowers are white and red and in terminal clusters appearing in spring; the fruit, for which it is … Add compost and liquid fertilizer. species: fitzalanii. The leaf sheaths wrap tightly together. In frost-prone areas the plant may die back to the ground in winter, returning from it’s thick underground rhizomes in the spring. Gardeners in mild climates who grow alpinia will be rewarded with colorful terminal flower spikes, while those of us in colder zones where the foliage dies back in the winter will be left to enjoy alpinia … Scientific Name: Alpinia caerulea Derivation of name. Dictionary of Botanical names by Don Perrin. X. Herb (herbaceous or woody, under 1 m tall) X. Shrub (woody or herbaceous, 1-6 m tall) X. Synonyms Alpinia caerulea (R.Br.) Flowers: Flowers are small, white and fragrant born on small stalks, flowering Spring to Summer. White flowers are followed by blue fruits. August 27, 2020 Alpinia purpurata is an evergreen, herbaceous, perennial plant producing a clump of leafy stems 3 - 4 metres tall from an underground, creeping rhizome 360 Title Conservation Statues: Least Concern. Alpinia is a diverse and easy-to-grow genus of tropical and subtropical gingers that hails from southeast Asia. Fruit: Blue edible fruit (only edible when ripe and blue, not green) 10-18 mm in diameter fruiting Summer to Autumn. It more typically reaches 4-8’ tall in the greenhouse and 3-4’ tall as a houseplant. Uses: Australian native gardens and rainforest gardens (understory plant), chemical free gardens, container growing, wildlife attracting including birds, lizards, butterflies, bees and other insects, it is also an effective erosion control plant and is pollution tolerant . Seeds take about two months while rhizome can easily be divided from existing plant. Please join him on some fun adventures while learning about the life of plants and other interesting facts about our world. Overview Information Alpinia is a plant that is related to ginger. Creamy-white flowers appear in summer followed by clusters of deep blue berries. First true leaf glabrous, cordate or ovate, about 15-20 mm long, petiole as long as or longer than the leaf blade.Second leaf narrower. Typically, the vine leaves are dark green, with a shiny upper surface. Though native ginger prefers full shade and moist well-drained soil, it is a very hardy plant and will tolerate part to full sun (though very hot sun can burn the leaves). Alpinia caerulea, commonly known as native ginger or in the case of the subspecies from the Atherton Tableland red back ginger, is an understorey perennial herb to 3 m, growing under rainforest, gallery forest and wet sclerophyll forest canopy in eastern Australia. Turns out it is super closely related, much closer than The database and code is licensed under a This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Alpinia caerulea is a rhizomatous herb, which can grow up to 2-3 m tall. Now one of the more versatile Australian native herbs is Native Ginger (Alpinia caerulea). Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. An ideal understory plant. Generally free from pests and diseases. Clumping, multi-stemmed edible, perennial herb to 3 m. Dense, evergreen foliage, alternate leaves to 40 cm. The young tender root tips can be used as ginger and have the same gingery taste. Foliage: The dark green elliptic shaped leaves are up to 40 cm long and 3–10 cm wide. Origin: Eastern Australia (mid NSW to Far North Queensland). Benth. Its fleshy roots are edible, and may produce white flowers by blue berries. The Aborigines wrapped the native ginger plant leaves around meat and cooked it in an earth oven. Origin: Eastern Australia (mid NSW to Far North Queensland). To harvest the … All parts of this species are consumed as a bushfood. The Red Back Australian Ginger’s large leaves were traditionally cut and used in thatch shelters and as food wrappings during cooking. The different plant species are : Alpinia Caerulea Asarum Caudatum Hedychium Gardnerianum Asarum Caudatum is named as British Columbia Wild Ginger, Western Wild Ginger and Long Tailed Wild … Its best climate is the sub-tropics but it will grow well further south in temperate climates (will not tolerate frost) and in tropical climates it will grow so well it could boarder on becoming a weed. Berries are edible and loved by birds, if you're tempted to try the berries eat only the flesh and not the … Gardeners appreciate the Native Ginger ‘Red Back’ for the simplistic tropical … Waxy white or pinkish, shell-like, fragrant flowers marked red, purple, or brown in pendent clusters on arching stems. It is a rhizomatous, evergreen perennial that grows in upright clumps to 8-10’ tall. Description: Clumping perennial herb to 2 m growing from rhizomes. Fragrant white flowers appear from late Spring to early Summer, eventually leaving blue berries that may be picked and eaten straight off the stem. Etymology: Alpinia: named after Prospero Alpini, Italian botanist (1553-1617). It is one of the most aromatic plants in my collection. Alpinia – named for Prospero Alpini, a 17th-century Italian botanist. Alpinia caerulea - native redback ginger APPEARANCE : Lush under-story native ginger with glossy evergreen foliage, tan on the reverse. Foliage: Its leaves are dark-green and broad-lanceolate shaped. Lesser galangal (Alpinia officinarum) has red and white flowers and an edible rhizome that is aromatic and spicy. Etymology: Atractocarpus: From Ancient Greek atractos (spindle)and karpos (fruit) from the […]. The colours are truly remarkable, the contrast of the leaves fade from back to front, greens to maroon with the typical ginger type frond. Flowers and leaves Photograph by: Fagg, M. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. The native ginger is an excellent bush tucker food, Rhizomes can be eaten raw or cooked and can be used in curries, desserts and marmalade’s (it is less spicy than traditional ginger, which depending on your tastes maybe a good or bad thing). Edible Plants (Common and Australian bushtucker), Plant Identification (A to Z of plants) Wild Ginger refers to a number of plant varieties of Ginger. Edible Plants (Common and Australian bushtucker). Foliage: The dark green elliptic shaped leaves are up to 40 cm long and 3–10 cm … Common Name: Native Ginger, Wild Ginger, Blue Ginger . However, cold weather or insufficient irrigation could also be the culprit here. The leaves of this ginger plant are sometimes used in cooking instead of ginger root. He has a keen interest in science, the natural world and particularly our environment. Family: RUBIACEAE. Being understorey plants with tall upright stems they are best positioned for protection from strong or dry winds. Genus: Atractocarpus (formaly Randia until 1999). Etymology: Alpinia: named after Prospero Alpini, Italian botanist (1553-1617). They grow from thick rhizomes. Native ginger has foliage with broad sword-shaped green leaves with attractive red … [3583], Thailand: K000720703: May 1, 2015: … Leaves with lamina oblong-lanceolate, up to 40 cm long and 3–10 cm wide, glabrous, apex acuminate; shortly petiolate or sessile; ligule usually 10–15 mm long, entire, or slightly emarginate. The good news is that Alpinia nutans is a really great plant, even if it isn’t the true cardamom. web interface by Larapinta Trail (Jay Creek to Alice Springs Telegraph Station), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window). Growth Requirements: Native ginger prefers a shaded, protected from wind position with a moist well drained humus rich soil. The leaves are lance-shaped to oblong. caerulea – Latin meaning 'blue' in reference to the colour of the fruit Description. Copyright © 2020 | MH Magazine WordPress Theme by MH Themes. The different plant varieties have similar appearance, odour or taste. Shiny leaves with distinct parallel veins; maroon leafstalks at maturity. A highly decorative and unusual Costus with hairy spiraling stems with dark coloured leaves and purple undersides. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. and has a nice bushy habit. In their native tropical and subtropical climates native ginger will thrive – in fact, in the tropical north be careful of it taking over – b… When you see those passion flower leaves turning yellow, the odds are that your vine isn’t getting the nutrients it needs from the soil. Alpinia zerumbet, commonly called shell ginger is native to eastern Asia. The large upright stems with basal leaves can be a feature. Native ginger Native ginger (Alpinia caerulea) is a traditional bush tucker plant whose leaves and rhizomes have a mild, tangy ginger flavour. Alpinia caerulea – Native Ginger The native ginger is an edible perennial herb, and is a good bush tucker plant. 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