Properties, occurrence, and uses. Health & Safety Reporting List None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List. Potassium nitrate can also be produced by neutralizing nitric acid with potassium hydroxide. . Series A. [7] The use of potassium nitrate has been mostly discontinued because of slow and inconsistent results compared to sodium nitrite compounds such as "Prague powder" or pink "curing salt". Boiling Point: 400 deg C Oxidising agent eg in gunpowder . We have step-by-step solutions for your textbooks written by Bartleby experts! [22] Extraction is accomplished by immersing the guano in water for a day, filtering, and harvesting the crystals in the filtered water. Supelco (3) Available for Sale. | Blog about Cheméo's technical and scientific challenges, Blog about Cheméo's technical and scientific challenges. It is also used in fireworks such as smoke bombs. . Boiling point (° C): 1505. It has a high melting point of 240 0 C. It is mostly found in powder, crystal or in tablet form. Potassium nitrate is a key ingredient in gunpowder. © 2016 Céondo GmbH | 6H 2 O. Some other physical and chemical properties of potassium chloride are discussed in this subsection. During World War I the newly industrialized Haber process (1913) was combined with the Ostwald process after 1915, allowing Germany to produce nitric acid for the war after being cut off from its supplies of mineral sodium nitrates from Chile (see nitratite). [36], Potassium nitrate is used in fertilizers as a source of nitrogen and potassium – two of the macronutrients for plants. Potassium nitrate has an orthorhombic crystal structure at room temperature, which transforms to a trigonal system at 129 °C (264 °F). . 8 years ago. Jump to main content Jump to site nav Home What are the physical and chemical properties of potassium nitrate (KNO3)? Search results for potassium nitrate at Sigma-Aldrich. 4. The Melting Point of Calcium Nitrate is . It has a melting point of 169.6 °C, boiling point of 210 °C, and a density of 1.72 g/cm 3. doi:10.2172/4356682. These properties are: nitrate-nitrite equilibrium with air, reactions with carbon dioxide and water vapor in air, in-situ regeneration of nitrates from decomposition products, and dynamic effects of a flowing, thermally cycled environment … the physical properties of the reported γ-glycine crystals are enhanced by this solvent. Used in Thailand as main ingredient in kidney tablets to relieve the symptoms of, Combats high blood pressure and was once used as a, As a source of potassium ions for exchange with sodium ions in, As an oxidizer in model rocket fuel called. The material is soluble in water. Chemical and physical properties of Potassium orthophosphate. Potassium nitrate has an orthorhombic crystal structure at room temperature, which transforms to a trigonal system at 129 °C (264 °F). It can also act as a substitute for potassium nitrate in gunpowder. Physical Properties; Here is some information about the physical properties of sodium nitrate. The chlorate anion, which contains oxygen, is an oxidizing agent, it causes something to be oxidized. Advanced Search | Structure Search. Find more compounds similar to Potassium nitrate.. I'm doing a school project and please separate the lists. Potassium nitrate is also used as a key ingredient in gunpowder and to strengthen glass. Physical Properties: This colorless sweet taste has gas. NITRATE AND NITRITE . Potassium Menu. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DATA 2-3 2-146 Linear Expansion of Miscellaneous Substances. Potassium nitrate can be made by combining ammonium nitrate and potassium hydroxide. Blackpowder remains in use today in black powder rocket motors, but also in combination with other fuels like sugars in "rocket candy". . 152 . I need to know the chemical and physical properties of potassium nitrate for a science project. . It occurs in nature as a mineral, niter (or nitre in the UK). The terminology used by al-Rammah indicated a Chinese origin for the gunpowder weapons about which he wrote.[21]. 152 . Similar Compounds. Oxidant, harmful if swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed on skin. It is an ionic salt of potassium ions K+ and nitrate ions NO3−, and is therefore an alkali metal nitrate. ... optics glass, high grade craft glassware. Predict properties. Its density in the solid, crystalline form is 1.984 grams per cubic centimetre. Note: Cheméo is only indexing the data, follow the source links to retrieve the latest data. This patent cites potassium nitrate as a minor constituent in a complex mix. He then proceeds to imitate the motions of masturbation in reference to its supposed effects as an anaphrodisiac. [30] When used as a food additive in the European Union,[31] the compound is referred to as E252; it is also approved for use as a food additive in the United States[32] and Australia and New Zealand[33] (where it is listed under its INS number 252). It has a melting point of 441 degrees Celsius and begins to decompose at 350 degrees Celsius. Physical Properties of Potassium Permanganate – KMnO 4. It is not very hygroscopic, absorbing about 0.03% water in 80% relative humidity over 50 days. Potassium is a Group 1, Alkali metal.Physical Properties - Potassium, in it's pure form, is silvery-white with a dull sheen, and is very soft. A purification process for potassium nitrate was outlined in 1270 by the chemist and engineer Hasan al-Rammah of Syria in his book al-Furusiyya wa al-Manasib al-Harbiyya (The Book of Military Horsemanship and Ingenious War Devices). Chemical Test Rules Chemical Properties: It has no effect on litmus. Hence it is indifferent. matrix material (1) mixture (1) neat (2) single component solution (1) ... potassium nitrate* Advanced Search | Structure Search. Niter is one of the few nitrate minerals that is available on the mineral markets. Potassium nitrite is highly soluble in water. This compound is popularly used as a fertilizer as it has two major elements for plant nutrients, which are nitrate and potassium. It's important to note, however, that potassium is very reactive with air and water. Hebrew and Egyptian words for it had the consonants n-t-r, indicating likely cognation in the Greek nitron, which was Latinised to nitrum or nitrium. Lithium nitrate has the highest heat of fusion with ΔH = 24.32 (±1.42) kJ/mol. Causes irritation to skin and eye area. Physical Form. Some important physical and chemical properties of potassium chloride and calcium nitrate are provided in this article. He details the "French Method", along with several variations, as well as a "Swiss method". Potassium nitrate is prepared commercially by the reaction of potassium chloride with sodium nitrate. Product form : Substance Substance name : Potassium Nitrate CAS-No. Mettler-Toledo Calibration substance ME 51143095, Potassium nitrate. 6H 2 O. Chemistry: KNO3, Potassium Nitrate Class: Carbonates; Uses: as a source of nitrate. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. 257 grams/cubic centimeter ( At 20 ℃) Colorless … It is one of the major constituents of gunpowder (black powder). 1.1. POTASSIUM NITRATE: ICSC: 0184: PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL INFORMATION; Physical State; Appearance COLOURLESS-TO-WHITE CRYSTALLINE POWDER. Download as 2D mole file Niter-beds were prepared by mixing manure with either mortar or wood ashes, common earth and organic materials such as straw to give porosity to a compost pile typically 4 feet (1.2 m) high, 6 feet (1.8 m) wide, and 15 feet (4.6 m) long. viscosity) show non-ideal mixing behavior. By the 15th century, Europeans referred to it as saltpeter[9] and later as nitrate of potash, as the chemistry of the compound was more fully understood. It is noncombustible but it will accelerate the burning of combustible materials. Potassium nitrate, also known as saltpeter, is an odorless powder composed of transparent and/or white crystals. Nitrates are not all that commonly found due to their general ease in dissolving in water. Also as saltpeter, potassium nitrate (KNO 3) it is used to make explosives and to color fireworks in mauve. NITRATE AND NITRITE . Physical Properties - Potassium, in it's pure form, is silvery-white with a dull sheen, and is very soft. . In the Star Trek episode "Arena", Captain Kirk injures a gorn using a rudimentary cannon that he constructed using potassium nitrate as a key ingredient. A mixture of sodium acetate and potassium nitrate may cause an explosion [Pieters 1957. p. 30]. Mathematical and Physical Sciences 1957 , ,, 467-477. Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: Potassium nitrate, Niter, Nitre, saltpeter, 7757-79-1, 1173018-94-4. Chemical and physical properties of Potassium nitrate. Due to the presence of nitrate anion, it is a good fertilizer. From the most ancient times until the late 1880s, blackpowder provided the explosive power for all the world's firearms. Sodium nitrate and potassium nitrate is a white crystalline solid. … 281 g can be dissolved in 100 ml of water at 0 degrees centigrade, 413 g in 100 ml of water at 100 degrees centigrade. I need to know the chemical and physical properties of potassium nitrate for a science project. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES . A mixture of potassium nitrate and sodium hypophosphite constitutes a powerful explosive [Mellor 8:881. It can intensify fire. Potassium Page One. The source is also providing more information like the publication year, authors and more. LeConte describes a process using only urine and not dung, referring to it as the Swiss method. It is al… The Arabs called it "Chinese snow" (Arabic: ثلج الصين‎ thalj al-ṣīn). The most famous use of potassium nitrate is probably as the oxidizer in blackpowder. Additional Notes: Formerly called kalium hence the symbol 'K'. Find more compounds similar to Potassium orthophosphate.. ions (WHO 1978, 2011b). 1 Answer. Potassium Reactions. If large quantities of the material are involved in the fire or the combustible material is finely divided an explosion may result. It is the seventh most abundant element in Earth’s crust, constituting 2.6 percent of its mass. This reaction is highly exothermic. Physical Properties of Calcium Nitrate. hoffman, h. w. physical properties and heat transfer characteristics of an alkali nitrate- nitrate salt mixture.united states: n. p., 1955. web. One of the unique physical properties of potassium is its ability to act as a super oxide. Even so, potassium nitrate is still used in some food applications, such as salami, dry-cured ham, charcuterie, and (in some countries) in the brine used to make corned beef (sometimes together with sodium nitrite). [23] The heap was usually under a cover from the rain, kept moist with urine, turned often to accelerate the decomposition, then finally leached with water after approximately one year, to remove the soluble calcium nitrate which was then converted to potassium nitrate by filtering through potash. Materials and Methods AR grade (99%) pure salts of Potassium Nitrate and γ-glycine were used in the preparation of single crystals of γ-glycine and Potassium Nitrate doped Glycine (PNG). Download as Excel file … In 21 Jump Street, Jenko, played by Channing Tatum, gave a rhyming presentation about potassium nitrate for his chemistry class. 2-130 2-147 Cubical Expansion of Liquids If large quantities of the material are involved in the fire or the combustible material is finely divided an explosion may result. Its smell causes laughter. Many references have been made to a method using only straw and urine, but there is no such method in this work. It is also a raw material in the preparation of toothpaste, rocket propellants and fireworks. Physical Properties Standards (1) Quality Grade. [6], Major uses of potassium nitrate are in fertilizers, tree stump removal, rocket propellants and fireworks. Molecular weight: 58.10 . The measured values found via DSC compare well with literature data (Table 1). Required data include a) melting point; b) ... mixing behavior (e.g. Physical properties: Its physical state is solid and it typically exists as a white, crystalline or bead-like powder. Note: Cheméo is only indexing the data, follow the source links to retrieve the latest data. Note: Cheméo is only indexing the data, follow the source links to retrieve the latest data. Evaporation Rate:Not available. Lv 7. A mixture of powdered zirconium and potassium nitrate explodes when heated above the melting point [Mellor 7:116. Traditionally, guano was the source used in Laos for the manufacture of gunpowder for Bang Fai rockets. Moreover, in various rocket propellants, … [27] It can also be heated to several hundred degrees to be used for niter bluing, which is less durable than other forms of protective oxidation, but allows for specific and often beautiful coloration of steel parts, such as screws, pins, and other small parts of firearms. The heat capacity of potassium chloride, potassium bromide, potassium iodide and sodium iodide between 2.8 and 270˚K. In nature, potassium nitrate occurs as a mineral, niter. Saturated solutions of glycine It commonly occurs as a colourless crystal or white powder and, unlike most other lead(II) salts, is soluble in water. The material is soluble in water. The molar mass of KCl is 74.5513 grams/mol. Compare Products: Select up to 4 products. An alternative way of producing potassium nitrate without a by-product of ammonia is to combine ammonium nitrate, found in instant ice packs,[24] and potassium chloride, easily obtained as a sodium-free salt substitute. Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their. This increases fire hazard. Molten 60% sodium, 40% potassium nitrate salt mixtures were investigated for chemical and physical properties important to the design of a commercial solar receiver system. doi:10.2172/4356682. Additional Notes: Formerly called kalium hence the symbol 'K'. Molecular formula: KF. Potassium Page One. Information regarding the physical and chemical properties of selected … Specimens. Historically, nitric acid was produced by combining sulfuric acid with nitrates such as saltpeter. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF CALCIUM NITRATE Page in Marketizer.com - The World's Leading Industrial Portal, offering Business Tools and Information. Potassium nitrate contains potassium (a soft, light, and silver metal), oxygen, and nitrogen (a colourless and odourless gas). 3. Both the solutions were doubly filtered using Whatman No.1 filter … hoffman, h. w. physical properties and heat transfer characteristics of an alkali nitrate- nitrate salt mixture.united states: n. p., 1955. web. Physical. nitrite salts include potassium nitrate, potassium nitrite, sodium nitrate, sodium nitrite, and ammonium nitrate; these salts are highly soluble in water , dissociate under environmental conditions, and exist as . Potassium metal is soft and white with a silvery lustre, has a low melting point, and is a good conductor of heat and electricity. Sodium and potassium nitrate are somewhat lower with ΔH = 16.79 (± 0.26) and 9.20 (± 0.36) kJ/mol. In this book, al-Rammah describes first the purification of barud (crude saltpeter mineral) by boiling it with minimal water and using only the hot solution, then the use of potassium carbonate (in the form of wood ashes) to remove calcium and magnesium by precipitation of their carbonates from this solution, leaving a solution of purified potassium nitrate, which could then be dried. density), other properties (e.g. Physical State : Colorless and transparent rhombic crystals or white powder. sodium nitrate in industrial application is very extensive, appropriate xin chemical industry introduced the physicochemical properties of sodium nitrate for you. Potassium Nitrate has not been tested for its ability to cause cancer in animals. nitrite salts include potassium nitrate, potassium nitrite, sodium nitrate, sodium nitrite, and ammonium nitrate; these salts are highly soluble in water , dissociate under environmental conditions, and exist as . 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